Accounting is a systematic process of recording, analyzing, and summarizing financial transactions and information to provide accurate and reliable financial reports. It involves recording all business transactions, classifying them into appropriate categories, and summarizing them into financial statements. Accountants analyze and interpret financial data to assess the financial health of a company, aid in decision-making, and ensure compliance with financial regulations. They also play a key role in budgeting, forecasting, and establishing internal controls to safeguard assets and maintain accurate records. Accounting is essential for businesses to track their financial performance, make informed decisions, and meet reporting requirements. Accounting provides information for all these purposes through the maintenance of data, the analysis and interpretation of these data, and the preparation of various kinds of reports. Most accounting information is historical—that is, the accountant observes all activities that the organization undertakes, records their effects, and prepares reports summarizing what has been recorded; the rest consists of forecasts and plans for current and future periods.
Book Keeping involves the recording, on a regular basis, of a company’s financial transactions. With proper Book Keeping, companies are able to track all information on its books to make key operating, investing, and financing decisions. Book Keepers are individuals who manage all financial data for companies. Without Book Keepers, companies would not be aware of their current financial position, as well as the transactions that occur within the company. Accurate Book Keeping is also crucial to external users, which includes investors, financial institutions, or the government–people or organizations that need access to reliable information to make better investments or lending decisions. Simply put, business entities rely on accurate and reliable Book Keeping for both internal and external users.